Knowledge about nebulizer inhalation

Time:2022-04-24 Author:Shenzhen Fitconn Technology Co.,Ltd.

Every year, the seasons of spring and autumn are the seasons with high incidence of respiratory diseases. The temperature difference between indoor and outdoor is large, the indoor air quality is degraded, and viruses and bacteria are easy to multiply. Whether it is an adult or a child with weak resistance, especially the children's respiratory organs are not yet mature, it is more likely to cause respiratory tract infection.

1. What is aerosol inhalation?

Aerosol inhalation means that the drug is turned into fine mist-like particles through a nebulizer, and directly enters the respiratory tract with natural inhalation to achieve the purpose of treating diseases. Atomization inhalation does not require the active cooperation of children. Children can inhale the medicine easily and naturally through a mask or mouthpiece to avoid aggravating the nervousness caused by the discomfort of the disease. It is one of the main routes of administration for children's asthma treatment.

2. Advantages of nebulized inhalation

Compared with systemic medication, aerosol inhalation therapy has advantages. The dose of the drug used in atomization inhalation is small, the systemic side effects are small, the drug can directly reach the target organ, the local drug concentration is high, the effect is fast, and the patient is pain-free and easy to accept.

3. Patients eligible for nebulization therapy

Asthma, acute laryngitis, bronchiolitis, wheezing pneumonia, acute wheezing in infants and young children, chronic lung disease in premature infants, acute and chronic cough, mycoplasma pneumonia, upper respiratory tract infection and other airway inflammatory diseases.

4. Commonly used aerosol inhalation drugs

A. Glucocorticoids: It is the most effective anti-inflammatory measure in the current treatment of asthma, which can effectively relieve asthma symptoms, improve quality of life, improve lung function, reduce airway obstruction, control airway inflammation, and reduce the number of acute attacks and mortality.

B. Bronchodilators: It is one of the main therapeutic measures to relieve bronchospasm.

C. Mucolytics: Mucus plugs or mucus secretions are a common cause of airway obstruction and can aggravate lung function impairment and induce infection. Aerosol inhalation of mucolytics facilitates sputum expulsion.

5. What are the precautions for atomization inhalation?

A. Clear oral secretions, food residues, etc. before treatment so as not to hinder the penetration of mist droplets. Do not apply oil or cream to the face before atomization.

B. When treating adults or older children, instruct the patient to inhale slowly and deeply to inhale the droplets more deeply; inhalation is better for young children when they are quiet than when they are crying. During treatment, pay attention to bronchospasm-like manifestations such as choking and report to your doctor in time.

C. Rinse your mouth after inhalation to prevent hormones from accumulating in the oropharynx. Those who inhale with a mask should wash their face.

D.Pay attention to the back pat within 1-2H after atomization, and encourage the patient to cough.